爱乐棋牌

<small id='t8uxx'></small><noframes id='t8uxx'>

  • <tfoot id='t8uxx'></tfoot>

      <legend id='t8uxx'><style id='t8uxx'><dir id='t8uxx'><q id='t8uxx'></q></dir></style></legend>
      <i id='t8uxx'><tr id='t8uxx'><dt id='t8uxx'><q id='t8uxx'><span id='t8uxx'><b id='t8uxx'><form id='t8uxx'><ins id='t8uxx'></ins><ul id='t8uxx'></ul><sub id='t8uxx'></sub></form><legend id='t8uxx'></legend><bdo id='t8uxx'><pre id='t8uxx'><center id='t8uxx'></center></pre></bdo></b><th id='t8uxx'></th></span></q></dt></tr></i><div id='t8uxx'><tfoot id='t8uxx'></tfoot><dl id='t8uxx'><fieldset id='t8uxx'></fieldset></dl></div>

          <bdo id='t8uxx'></bdo><ul id='t8uxx'></ul>

        1. <small id='f6stj'></small><noframes id='f6stj'>

        2. <tfoot id='f6stj'></tfoot>

            <legend id='f6stj'><style id='f6stj'><dir id='f6stj'><q id='f6stj'></q></dir></style></legend>
            <i id='f6stj'><tr id='f6stj'><dt id='f6stj'><q id='f6stj'><span id='f6stj'><b id='f6stj'><form id='f6stj'><ins id='f6stj'></ins><ul id='f6stj'></ul><sub id='f6stj'></sub></form><legend id='f6stj'></legend><bdo id='f6stj'><pre id='f6stj'><center id='f6stj'></center></pre></bdo></b><th id='f6stj'></th></span></q></dt></tr></i><div id='f6stj'><tfoot id='f6stj'></tfoot><dl id='f6stj'><fieldset id='f6stj'></fieldset></dl></div>

                <bdo id='f6stj'></bdo><ul id='f6stj'></ul>

              1. 科技行者如何预测野生动物带来的下一场传染病大爆发?

                如何预测野生动物带来的下一场传染病大爆发?

                如何预测野生动物带来的下一场传染病大爆发?

                如何预测野生动物带来的下一场传染病大爆发?

                2020年2月1日 14:18:04 科技行者
                • 分享文章到微信

                  扫一扫
                  分享文章到微信

                • 关注官方公众号-科技行者

                  扫一扫
                  关注官方公众号
                  科技行者

                如果未来疾病蔓延,那我们必须得及早出手阻止。

                爱乐棋牌 LAIYUAN:KEJIXINGZHE 2020NIAN2YUE1RI 14:18:04

                关键字:埃博拉病毒 AI 人工智能 传染病

                科技行者 2月1日 北京消息: 

                 

                ▲ 图:莱尔果蝠(Pteropus lylei),是目前已知的几种能够携带尼帕病毒的蝙蝠之一。研究人员们强调,动物健康与人类健康可谓息息相关。

                爱乐棋牌2013NIAN12YUE26RI,YIWEIMINGJIAOEmile OuamounoDELIANGSUINANHAIZAIXIFEIJINEIYADEMeliandouCUNTURANEJI。LIANGTIANLI,TAKAISHIOUTU,BIANSEFAHEI,YOUXIAODESHENTIYEYINGAOSHAOBUTUIERNIUQU。12YUE28RI,TAYONGYUANLIKAILERENSHI。

                JIZHOUZHINEI,TADEJIEJIE、MUQINHEZUMUFENFENRANBING,ZHEICHANGJIBINGZUIZHONGDAOZHISHUQIANRENSANGSHENG。YICHANGYOUSHIYILAIGUIMOZUIDADEAIBOLAYIQING,JIUCIKAISHISINVE。

                JINGUANWANFENJINJI,DANYANJIUXIAOZUFENZHANLEYIGEYUEZHIJIU,CAIZHUJIANMOQINGZHEICHANGLIUXINGBINGDEQIANZAILAIYUAN:YIQUNANGELAWUWEIBIANFU(Mops condylurus)QIXIZAILIEmileJIABUDAO200YINGCHIDEKONGXINKELEGUOSHUSHANG。DANGDIRENBAZHEIZHONGBIANFUCHENGWEILANSHUHUOZHEFEISHU,TAMENYOUZHEYITIAOZHANGZHANGDEWEIBA,SHENSHANGHUISANFACHUYIZHONGDUTEDEQIWEI。BENDIERTONGTEBIEXIHUANGUDAOZHEIXIEBIANFU,BAOKUOYONGMUGUNQUGANTAMEN,SHENZHIBATAMENKAOSHUDANGZUOLINGSHI。

                DANGSHENGTAIXUEJIAJISHOUYIMENYU2014NIAN4YUEDAODAMeliandouCUNSHI,ZHEIKESHUYIJINGBEISHAOHUI,BIANFUMENYEBUZHIQUXIANG。RANER,ZHEIZHONGCHICUNYUXIAOSHUXIANGGUANDEYOUYIBURUDONGWURENGBEISHIWEIXIANYIZUIDADEAIBOLABINGDUQIANZAIJISUTI。HUANJUHUASHUO,ZAIGAIBINGDUWEIHAIRENLEIZHIQIAN,ZHEIQUNBIANFUHENKENENGZAICHONGDANGZHEAIBOLADELINSHIQIXIDI。

                ZHEIZHONGJIBINGDAILAIDEHUIMIEXINGYINGXIANGDUIRENLEILAISHUOBINGBUMOSHENG。ZAIAIBOLAZHIQIAN,SARS、LAIMUBING、AIZIBINGYIJISHUYIDENGDADUOSHUZHIMINGJIBING,SHIJISHANGDOUYUANZIQITAWUZHONG。YIDONGWUWEIBIHUSUO,ZHEIXIEBINGYUANTIHUIZAIMEIYILUNDAGUIMOLIUXINGBINGZHIJIANYINZANGSHENXING,DENGDAIZHEXIAYICIQUANMIANBAOFADEJIHUI。

                爱乐棋牌ERDENGDAODABUFENBINGYUANTIDEDAOQUERENZHISHI,TAMENZAOYIKUOSANDAORENTIZHONG。ZHEISHI,YIHUGONGZUOZHEMIANQIANZHIYOUYITIAOLUKEZOU:ZAIRENLEISHEHUICHEDIBENGKUIZHIQIAN,ZHAODAOEZHIJIBINGMANYANDEYOUXIAOFANGFA。

                DUIYUCaryYANJIUSUODEJIBINGSHENGTAIXUEJIABarbara HanLAISHUO,ZHEIZHONGBEIDONGDEFANYINGSHIFANGFAHAIYUANYUANBUGOU。TABIAOSHI,“SHIJISHANG,ZHEIYIWEIZHEZHIYOUDENGDAORENMENYIJINGSHENGBING,WOMENCAINENGFAXIANWENTI。YIJINGXIAYULE,ZAIFAYUSANHAIYOUSHENMEYIYINI?XIAYUZHIQIANXIANXINGYUBAOCAISHIZUIHAODEBANFA。”

                爱乐棋牌LUNDUNDAXUEXUEYUANJIBINGSHENGTAIXUEJIADavid ReddingBIAOSHI,YAOXIANGQIANGXIANYIBU,YANJIURENYUANXUYAOGENGHAODEGONGJU,CONGERZAIJIBINGQUANMIANBAOFAZHIQIANZUOCHUYUCE。HUANJUHUASHUO,YANJIURENYUANXUYAOCONGZHIQIANDEJIBINGSHENGTAIYULIUXINGBINGSHUJUDANGZHONGXUNZHAOMOSHI,FENXIBINGYUANTIDAODISHIZENYANGYIBUBUCONGHUANGYEZOUXIANGRENLEISHEHUIDE。

                爱乐棋牌JINKAORENNAO,DANGRANWUFAQINGYIFENBIANCHUDABUFENCILEIJINGSHIXINHAO。YINCI,HanYIJIReddingDENGDUOWEIKEXUEJIAKAISHIZHUANXIANGJISUANMOXING,XIWANGJIEZHUJIQIDELILIANGSOUSUODALIANGSHENGTAIYURENKOUTONGJISHUJU、SHIBIEQIZHONGDEZHUSIMAJI,ZUIZHONGJIUCHUXIAYIGEKENENGDECHUANRANXINGJIBINGFAYUANDI。

                ▲ 图:2014年埃博拉疫情爆发期间,几内亚与利比里亚两国交界处,由于存在频繁的航运及其他形式的跨国旅行活动,导致病毒本体轻松在不同国家之间转移。

                回归荒野,静待时机

                爱乐棋牌HUANGYEZHIZHONG,QUESHICUNZAIZHEDALIANGDUIRENTIYOUZHEZHIMINGWEIXIEDEBINGYUANTI。ZHANGQICONGSHIDONGWUSHENGTAIXUEYANJIUDEBarbara Han,ZAIGENZONGLIANGQIDONGWUSUOXIEDAIDEZHENJUNBINGYUANTIFANGMIANYONGYOUZHEFENGFUDEJINGYAN。

                TAZHUYIDAO,ZHEIXIEBINGYUANTI,JUEBUHUILAOLAOSHISHIDIYONGYUANDAIZAIYESHENGDONGWUTINEI。

                爱乐棋牌GUOQUJISHINIANYILAI,JIBINGKONGZHIZHONGXIN(CDC)CENGJILUDAOYIXILIESHOUCICHUXIANDECHUANRANBING,QIZHONG75%SHUYURENCHUGONGHUANBING,YEJIUSHINENGGOUYOUDONGWUCHUANBOJIRENLEI。DUONIANGUOQU,JINGUANKEXUEJIAMENYIJINGSHOUJIDAODALIANGGUANYUDONGWUSHENGTAITIXIDESHUJU,DANRENGRANHENNANMOQINGBUTONGBINGYUANTIZHIJIANDEGUANJIANGONGXING——HUANYANZHI,DAODISHINAXIEYINSUJUEDINGMOUYIWUZHONGNENGFOUJIANGBINGYUANTICHUANBOJIRENLEI。

                WEILEJIEJUEZHEIGENANTI,HanJUEDINGKAIFAYIKUANGONGJU,BANGZHURENLEIYANJIUYUANWANCHENGNEIXIEYIWANGGENBENWUFADULIJIEJUEDEDAGUIMOGONGZUO。JINIANQIAN,TAHETADETUANDUIXUNLIANCHUYITAOJISUANJIMOXING,NENGGOUGENJU217ZHONGQUEZHENHUANZHEDEGONGTONGTEZHENG,TIAOXUANCHUJUYOUJIAOGAOJIBINGXIEDAINENGLIDEXINNIECHIDONGWU。HanJIESHIDAO,ZHEITAOMOXINGDEGONGZUOYUANLIGENPandoraGEQUTUIJIANJISHUYOUDIANXIANGSI:TONGYANGSHILIYONGYIZHONGSUANFAXUEXIQUSHI——BUTONGYUGUANZHUYINLEPINWEIDEPandora,TADEMOXINGGENGQIANGDIAOYIGANRANXING。YICIWEIJICHU,MOXINGJIUNENGJICHUYIWANGWEIBEINARUKAOLIANGDEGESHOU,HUOZHEDONGWU。TONGGUOZHEIZHONGFANGSHI,HanDEMOXINGXIANHOUSAOMIAOLEQUANQIU2277ZHONGNIECHIDONGWU,FAXIANLE58ZHONGCIQIANWEIBEIGUIRURENHEQIANZAIXIEDAIZHEMULUDEWUZHONG。

                HanZHENGLICHUDEXINMULUJIWEIFENGFU,HANGAILENIECHIDONGWUZHONGDEDABUFENPUXI。SUIRANFANWEIJIGUANG,DANZHEIXIEDONGWUZHIJIANQUESHIYOUZHEYIXIEGONGTONGZHICHU,LIRUSHOUMINGJIAODUAN,XINGZAOSHU,QIEFANZHINENGLIJIQIANG。HanJIESHIDAO,“ZHEIXIENIECHIDONGWUDESHENGMINGZHOUQIJIBENKEYIYONG「KUAISHENG、KUAISI」LAIXINGRONG。”TAZHICHU,ZHEILEIDONGWUWANGWANGYOUXIANKAOLVDALIANGFANZHI,SHENTIGOUZAOYEGENGDUOQIANGDIAOSHENGZHIXITONG——ERFEIMIANYIXITONG。ZHEIZHONGTEXINGDAOZHICILEIDONGWUBUHUIBEIZHIMINGBINGYUANTI“MIEZU”;DANZAILINGYIFANGMIAN,SHOUMINGGENGZHANGQIEFAYUHUANMANDERENLEI,ZEHUISHOUDAOBINGYUANTIDEHUIMIEXINGYINGXIANG。

                ▲ 图:一种北部蚱蜢鼠(Onychomys leucogaster),它是机器学习模型精确定位的几种病原体携带者之一。该模型经过训练,能够检测到具有疾病传播风险的啮齿动物。

                爱乐棋牌DANGRAN,YUCEZHINENGZUOWEICANKAO,WEIBIDAIBIAOJUEDUISHISHI。ERQIEBUSHAOKENENGXIEDAIJIBINGDEWUZHONG,SHENSHANGYEXUGENBENJIUMEIYOUXIANGGUANBINGYUANTI。DANSHI,JIBINGYUFANGKONGZHIZHONGXINGAOJIBINGYUANXUEYUBINGLIXUEYANJIUSHIZHURENInger DamonBIAOSHI,“RUGUOCHULIDEDANG,ZHEIZHONGJIANMOYANJIUFANGSHINENGGOUYOUXIAOTIGONGGAOZHILIANGJIASHE,ERQIEYEQUESHIZHENGMINGLEYIWANGCENGJINGFASHENGGUODEQINGKUANG。”

                爱乐棋牌HanBIAOSHI,ZAIMOUXIETEDINGQINGKUANGXIA,ZHEILEIMOXINGNENGGOUFAHUIJUDAZUOYONG。ZAICHOUBEIXIANGGUANLUNWENSHI,TADETUANDUIFAXIAN,JISUANJILIECHUDELIANGZHITIANSHUSHENSHANGQUESHICUNZAIJISHENGCHONG。

                爱乐棋牌TONGYANGDEQINGKUANGZAIQITADONGWUZHONGQUNZHONGYEDEDAOLEYANZHENG。2016NIAN,HanHETADETONGSHIMENFABULEYIFENQINGDAN(XIANGJIAN:http://journals.plos.org/plosntds/article?id=10.1371/journal.pntd.0004815),QIZHONGLIECHUKENENGGANRANSIZHUANGBINGDU(BAOKUOAIBOLABINGDU)DEBIANFUWUZHONG。BUDAOYINIANZHIHOU,JIUYOUYIZUYANJIURENYUANCONGZHONGGUOGUOFUSHENSHANGFAXIANLEQIANFUDESIZHUANGBINGDU,ZHENGSHILEHanLUNWENZHONGDEGUANDIAN。

                ▲ 图:已知和预测的丝状病毒阳性蝙蝠物种的范围图。如图所示,21种经检测呈丝状病毒阳性的蝙蝠范围图(上);通过广义增强回归分析(generalized boosted regression analysis)预测,90%携带丝状病毒阳性的其他蝙蝠物种的范围图(下)。《Undiscovered Bat Hosts of Filoviruses》(2016年)/图片来源

                ▲ 图:放大已知和预测的丝状病毒阳性蝙蝠物种的范围图。如图所示,撒哈拉以南非洲的丝状病毒阳性蝙蝠物种热点放大图(左);预测出的来自东南亚的丝状病毒新携带者热点放大图(右)。《Undiscovered Bat Hosts of Filoviruses》(2016年)/图片来源

                JIHUZAITONGYISHIJIAN,LAIZIGELUNBIYADAXUEDEYIWEITONGSHIXINGFENDIDADIANHUAJIHan,BIAOSHITAZAISAILALIANGFAXIANLEYIZHONGXINXINGAIBOLABINGDU。MUQIANSHANGBUQINGCHUZHEIZHONGBINGDUSHIFOUHUIYINGXIANGDAORENLEI,DANTAYIJINGZAILIANGZHONGBIANFUTINEIFAXIANZHEIZHONGBINGDU。QIZHONGZHIYIZHENGSHIANGELAWUWEIBIANFU,YEJIUSHIHanNARUXINMULUDEWUZHONG。DANGCHUBEIHUAIYIGANRANXIAONANHAIEmile OuamounoDE,ZHENGSHIZHEIZHONGBIANFU。

                弥合鸿沟

                爱乐棋牌DANGRAN,ZHIYOUYONGYOUZHIDAOYIYIDEQINGDANCAISHIHAOQINGDAN。JIEXIALAIDEZHONGYAOYIBU,JIUSHINONGQINGCHU,JIBINGDAODISHIZENYANGCONGBEIGANRANDONGWUTINEIPAODAORENSHENSHANGQUDE。

                ZAILUNDUNDAXUEXUEYUAN,David ReddingXIESHOUSHENGTAIXUEJIAKate Jones,LIYONGZIJIDEYITAOJISUANFANGFALAIGENZONGZHEILEIKUAWUZHONGGANRANHUODONGDEGUOCHENG。ReddingJIANGQICHENGWEIHUNHEFANGFA,TAMENFAXIANDEZUIXINMOXINGYIJINGBEIFABIAOZAI《ZIRAN-TONGXUN》SHANG(XIANGJIAN:http://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-019-12499-6)。GAIMOXINGCONGSHENGTAIXUEHELIUXINGBINGXUELIANGFANGMIAN,LAIYUCEAIBOLABINGDUZAIFEIZHOUMANYANHESUIHOUBAOFADEGAOFENGXIANDIQU。

                TAJIESHIDAO,“WOMENDOUZHIDAODONGWUSUZHUZAINALI。(YIAIBOLABINGDUWEILI,CHULEBIANFUZHIWAI,DAXINGXINGHEJILINGYESHIKENENGDEXIEDAIZHE。)”“CIWAI,WOMENYEHENQINGCHURENLEIFENBUZAINALI。RUGUOERZHETONGSHIZAIMOUGEDIQUHUODONG,NEIMEJIUKENENGFASHENGJIECHUYIJIBINGYUANTICHUANRAN。”

                ZHEITINGQILAIJIANDAN,DANReddingQIANGDIAOCHENG,ZHONGDUOQITABIANLIANGDAOZHIJIBINGMANYANBIANDEFEICHANGNANYIPANDUAN。JULILAISHUO,TUDILIYONGKENENGDUICHUANRANFANWEIYIJIYINGXIANGDAODEJUTIRENKOUSHULIANGCHANSHENGJUDAYINGXIANG。ERCONGRENLEIDEJIAODUCHUFA,JIBINGBAOFADESHIJIGUIMOZEQUJUEYURENJIGUANXI(RENMENSICHUWANGLAIYIJIYUTARENDUIJIEDENANYIDU)YIJIDIQUJINGJIZHUANGKUANG,HOUZHEWANGWANGZHIJIEJUEDINGDANGDINENGGOUFENPEIDAOYILIAOBAOJIANLINGYUDEZIJINSHUE。

                CONGBINGDUDEJIAODULAIKAN,ReddingBIAOSHI“ZUILIXIANGDECHUANBOTUJINGDANGRAN:RENKOUZHONGDUO,QIEDAGUIMOJUZHUZAISENLINZHONG,YUDONGWUSUZHUPILIN。CIWAI,DANGDIYAOKAOJINDAXINGJIAOTONGSHUNIU,KAOJINDACHENGSHI。ZHIYAONENGXUANDAOZHEIYANGDE「FENGSHUIBAODI」,YIQINGDEDAGUIMOBAOFAJIANGZHISHISHIJIANWENTI。”

                爱乐棋牌DamonBUCHONGDAO,YISHANGDOUSHIYINGXIANGRENCHUGONGHUANBINGCHUANBODEGUANJIANXINGBIANLIANG,DANJUEBUSHIQUANBUBIANLIANG。SHISHISHANG,ZHIYOUYIBUFENBINGYUANTIWAIYIZAOCHENGLEJIBINGLIUXING。ZAITAKANLAI,ReddingTICHUDEMOXING。KENENGWEINENGFUGAIDAOSUOYOUYUBINGYUANTICHUANBOXIANGGUANDERENLEIXINGWEI——LIRU,PANGDADEZANGLICHUANTONGKENENGZENGJIARENMENYUBEIGANRANZHEZHIJIANDEJIECHUJILV。

                FOLUOLIDADAXUEJIBINGSHENGTAIXUEJIASadie RyanBIAOSHI,GENJUDINGYI,JISUANJIANMOYONGYUANZHINENGSHIYIZHONGDUISHISHIJINXINGJIANHUADECHANWU。CHENGXUBIXUYAOLIYONGYOUXIANDESHUJUJIZHUNQUEGAOXIAODIBUZHUOXIANSHISHIJIEZHONGDEFUZAXINGYINSU。TAQIANGDIAO,ZHEISHIYIXIANGJUDADETIAOZHAN,ERQIEQIZHONGYUNZANGZHEJIGAODEFENGXIAN。“RUGUOZAIMEIYOUZHENSHIXINXIDEQINGKUANGXIAJINXINGDAGUIMOKONGJIANJISUANMONI,NEIMEWOMENZUODEJIUBUNENGJIAOKEYAN,ZHINENGSUANSHIZAIZHIZUOMONIYOUXI。”

                DANRyanYECHENGREN,MUQIANYIYOUDEZHEIXIEMOXING(KAOLVDAODONGWU、RENLEIYIJIHUANJINGDENGYINSU)QUESHINENGGOUBIJIAOYOUXIAODIBUZHUODAO“JIBINGCHUANBOSHIJIANZHONGDEXIANSHISHENGWUXUETEZHENG。”

                ▲ 图:2013年埃博拉疫情的爆发原点,很可能就是安哥拉无尾蝙蝠将病毒传染给西非几内亚Meliandou村的孩子们。该村的儿童经常用棍棒驱赶树洞中的蝙蝠,甚至捉来当作零食。

                ZAIMUQIANDEDIEDAIDANGZHONG,ReddingTICHUDEMOXINGYIJINGYONGYOULINGRENXINFUDECHUSEBIAOXIAN。GENJUSUOTIGONGDESHUJU,TAKEYIZHENGQUESHIBIECHUJIGEQUESHIJINGLIGUOAIBOLAYIQINGDEDIQU——BAOKUOGANGGUOMINZHUGONGHEGUO、JIAPENGYIJISHOUMeliandouCUNYIQINGYINGXIANGDEQITAXIFEIDIQU。

                ZHEITAOMOXINGDESHOUCIMONIYU2018NIANKAISHIYUNXING,JIEGUOSHIQITAJIGEDIQU——BAOKUONIRILIYA、JIANA、LUWANGDAYIJIKENNIYADENGSHANGWEIBEIBINGDUGANRANDEGUOJIA——YEBEILIERUGAOFAQINGDAN。JIUZAIJIGEYUEZHIHOU,MOXINGJIUGANGGUOMINZHUGONGHEGUOZUOCHUDELIANGXIANGYIQINGYUCEDEDAOZHENGSHI。

                气候变化与疾病传播存在相关性

                XIFEIDEAIBOLAYIQINGYU2016NIAN6YUEQUANMIANJIESHU。ZHEISHIYISHIMeliandouCUNDEEmile OuamounoHUANBINGLIANGNIANBANZHIHOU,ZHISHAOYOU28646RENBEIGANRAN,ZHISHAO11323RENSIWANG——ZHEIYISHUZI,CHAOGUOLEYIWANGSUOYOUAIBOLAYIQINGDEZONGHE。

                RUJIN,AIBOLABINGDUYIJINGZHONGXINCHUXIAN。ReddingBIAOSHI,YOUYUHUANGYEZHIZHONGCUNZAIZHUDUOZANGSHENZHISUO,ZHEIZHONGZHIMINGBINGYUANTIKENENGZHONGYOUYITIANHAIHUIZAICIXILAI。

                爱乐棋牌HanZHICHU,JIBINGBAOFAYUCEDEYIYIYEZHENGZAIYUCI。ZAITAKANLAI,AIMOXINGNENGGOUZHIDAORENMENTIQIANDUIYILIAOZIYUANJINXINGZHUANYI,HUOZHEZHIDAOSHENGTAIXUEJIAYUHUANBAOZHUYIZHEBAOHUBINGJIANCEKENENGXIEDAIBINGYUANTIDEYEWAIWUZHONG。

                爱乐棋牌DamonZEQIANGDIAO,LIYONGMOXINGSHENGCHENGJIELUNSHIYIMASHI,GENJUZHEIXIEJIELUNCAIQUXINGDONGYOUSHILINGYIMASHI。YUCEMANYANYUFANGZHIMANYANZHIJIANCUNZAIJUDACHAYI——HOUZHEYAOQIUZENGJIAJIANKONGGUOCHENG,TONGSHITIGONGDALIANGZIYUAN,CONGERZAIYIQINGGANGGANGCHUXIANZHISHIJIUMASHANGCHUSHOUEZHI。

                ▲ 图:感染控制主任(图左)在几内亚N'Zérékoré的一家小型诊所内,现场展示如何正确洗手。

                爱乐棋牌RyanBIAOSHI,ZHENGGESHIJIEDEBIANHUASUDUZHENGZAIJIAKUAI,YINCIRENHEGANYUCUOSHIDEZHIXINGYEJIANGYUELAIYUEFUZA。SUIZHEQIWENSHENGGAOYIJIWUZHONGZIRANQIXIDIDEXIAOSHI,KENENGXIEDAIBINGYUANTIDEWUZHONGJIANGBEIPOQIANXIBINGQIANWANGWANQUANMOSHENGDESHENGCUNHUANJING。ZHEIYIQIE,DOUJIANGGAIBIANJIBINGDECHUANBOLUJING。HanZHICHU,“QIHOUBIANHUASHIJISHANGHUIDUIDIQIUSHANGDEYIQIEZAOCHENGYINGXIANG。”MUQIAN,TAZHENGZAIYUMEIGUOYUHANGJUDEYANJIURENYUANHEZUO,ZHESHOUJIANGQIHOUSHUJUNARUGAITUANDUIDEYUCEMOXINGDANGZHONG。

                ReddingYETIDAO,JIUAIBOLABINGDUERYAN,ZHEIZHONGQUSHIYIJINGFEICHANGMINGQUE:QIHOUBIANHUAYUEYANZHONG,BAOFADEJIBINGJIUYUEDUO。GENJUMONIJIEGUO,YUJIDAO2070NIAN,YOUYUHUANJINGJIANGGENGWENNUANQIEGENGCHAOSHI,ZHENGGEFEIZHOUDALUDEJIBINGWAILIUFENGXIANJIANGJINYIBUTIGAO。ReddingBIAOSHI,RENLEIKEYITONGGUOJIANSHAOTANPAIFANGYIJIZENGJIAFAZHANKECHIXUXINGDENGFANGSHI,HUANJIEQIZHONGBUFENYINGXIANGYINSU,DANQIANTISHI,ZHENGGESHIJIEBIXUJINKUAIXINGDONGQILAI。

                RyanZONGJIEDAO,“ZHEIJIUSHIWOMENTICHUDETIQIANGANYUGAINIAN。RUGUOWEILAIJIBINGMANYAN,NEIWOMENBIXUDEJIZAOCHUSHOUZUZHI。ZUOHAOZHUNBEI,TIAOZHANJIUZAIYANQIAN。”

                 

                  快乐牛牛终极版下载---首页_欢迎您 喜乐棋牌官网---HOME_Welcome 牛人棋牌官网---HOME_Welcome 老友漳州棋牌官方下载 牛牛棋牌游戏平台---首页_欢迎您